Work-related accidents pose a constant concern in the industry, where the safety and well-being of employees are paramount. In this article, we will explore the crucial measures that must be implemented to prevent accidents, the responsibilities of companies, and the tools available to ensure a safe work environment.
Awareness and prevention
The high incidence of accidents in the workplace underscores the need to raise awareness about prevention and educate individuals on the proper use of available tools. A specialized occupational physician plays a key role in this process, not only conducting entry medical examinations but also carrying out periodic exams in collaboration with the Workers’ Compensation Insurance (ART). These exams assess risks and exposure, forming the basis for primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
Classification of accidents and influencing factors
An occupational accident is considered any sudden event that occurs due to or during the course of work, resulting in organic injury, functional or psychiatric disturbance, disability, or death. Workplace accidents and illnesses can be classified as:
Factors influencing accidents include the social environment, worker error, unsafe acts coupled with mechanical or physical risks, the accident itself, and resulting harm or injury. These can be classified, among others, as:
Occupational risks and prevention
Occupational risks refer to hazards present in a specific profession or task that can lead to accidents or health problems. In most cases, workplace accidents occur due to hazardous conditions in equipment, machinery, work tools, and facilities, as well as unsafe attitudes or acts of workers while performing their activities.
Preventive institutions: SRT and ART
The Superintendence of Occupational Risks (SRT) ensures compliance with the right to health and occupational safety. Workers’ Compensation Insurance Companies (ART) provide in-kind benefits to affected workers, such as medical assistance, prosthetics, rehabilitation, and funeral services.
Industrial safety and worker protection
Industrial safety focuses on mandatory standards to prevent and protect against workplace accidents. Its goal is to maintain the physical, mental, and social well-being of workers by promoting the use of personal protective equipment, periodic medical checks, and ongoing training.
When a workplace accident occurs, companies may face serious sanctions and legal responsibilities. Prevention and ongoing training are essential to avoid negative consequences for the company and ensure the safety of employees.
In conclusion, preventing workplace accidents is essential to ensure a safe and healthy work environment. Collaboration between medical staff, the safety department, and workers is crucial to mitigate risks and foster a culture of safety in the industry. Adopting preventive measures not only protects employees but also contributes to the long-term success of the company.
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